June 17, 2024


General Evolution

75 Years of Independence: The Changing Landscape of India

From being training center of the world in old times to turning into the IT center of this present reality, the Indian scene has made some amazing progress. Taking fifteenth August 1947 as our casing of reference, we observe that there are a few fields like Science and Technology, economy, and human improvement where India has shown striking advancement. Nonetheless, a few fields like wellbeing training actually appear to be dealt with. Allow us to take a gander at these parts of Indian improvement separately.

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The Landscape of Science and Technology

At the point when the Britishers left India, they left behind a messed up, poor, immature, and monetarily unsound country. After autonomy, India focused on logical exploration in its initial five-year plan. It made ready for esteemed logical establishments like IITs and IISC. After only three years of freedom, the Indian Institute of Technology has laid out in 1950. These establishments advanced research in India with the guide of unfamiliar foundations. From sending off its most memorable satellite Aryabhatta in 1975 to being the main country to arrive at the circle of Mars, India has taken sure walks in the field of room research innovation, because of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). We can gladly express that India is remaining at standard with nations like USA and China, same goes with the area of biotechnology additionally where India is delivering immunizations for the whole world. The progress of UPI is likewise a contextual investigation for the world with 9.36 billion exchanges worth Rs. 10.2 trillion in Q1 of 2022 as it were.

Financial Landscape

India confronted a few issues following its freedom, including lack of education, debasement, neediness, orientation separation, distance, regionalism, and communalism. Various issues have gone about as significant detours to India’s financial turn of events. At the point when India announced its autonomy in 1947, its GDP was simple 2.7 lakh crore representing 3% of the world GDP. In 1965, the Green Revolution was begun in India by M. S. Swaminathan, the dad of the Green Revolution. During the Green Revolution, there was a huge expansion in the harvest region planted with high-yielding wheat and rice types. From 1978-1979, the Green Revolution prompted a record grain result of 131 million tons. India was then perceived as one of the top agrarian makers on the planet. With the development of connected offices like production lines and hydroelectric power plants, an enormous number of occupations for modern specialists were likewise created notwithstanding farming laborers.

Today India is the fifth biggest economy on the planet with 147 lakh crore GDP, representing 8% of worldwide GDP. As of late, India has seen an astounding ascent of 15,400% in the quantity of new companies, which rose from 471 out of 2016 to 72,993 as of June 2022. This amazing ascent in new companies has likewise created great many new positions in the country.


The India of today is unique in relation to India at the hour of opportunity. In the 75 years of autonomy, Indian Infrastructure has improved radically. The general length of the Indian street network has developed from 0.399 million km in 1951 to 4.70 million km starting around 2015, which makes it the third biggest street network on the planet. Furthermore, India’s public expressway framework presently ranges 1, 37, 625 kilometers in 2021, up from 24,000 km (1947-1969).

After north of 70 years of freedom, India has ascended to turn into Asia’s third-biggest power generator. It expanded its capacity to create energy from 1,362 MW in 1947 to 3, 95, 600 MW. In India, the aggregate sum of force delivered expanded from 301 billion units in 1992-1993 to 400990.23 MW in 2022. The Indian government has prevailed with regards to illuminating every one of the 18,452 towns by April 28, 2018, rather than only 3061 out of 1950, with regards to country jolt.

The Landscape of Human Development

In 1947 India had a populace of 340 million with a proficiency pace of simply 12%, today it has a populace of almost 1.4 billion and an education pace of 74.04%. The typical future has likewise ascended from 32 years to 70 years in 2022.

The Landscape of Education and Health

In 1947, India had a populace of 340 million with a proficiency pace of simply 12%, today it has a populace of almost 1.4 billion and an education pace of 74.04%. The typical future has additionally ascended from 32 years to 70 years in 2022. However India has shown momentous advancement as far as proficiency rate, the nature of advanced education is as yet a reason for main issue. There is definitely not a solitary Indian University or Institute in the main 100 QS World University Ranking. With the biggest youth populace on the planet, India can accomplish contemplates whether its childhood get furnished with appropriate abilities and schooling. The wellbeing, area is likewise troubling. The specialist to-patient proportion is simply 0.7 specialists per 1000 individuals when contrasted with the WHO normal of 2.5 specialists per 1000 individuals. A new report shows that 65% of clinical costs in India are paid personal by patients and the explanation is that they are left with no other option except for to get to private medical services in view of unfortunate offices in open clinics.