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Idea Exchange | Even if I get 70%…I can take CUET… this entire focus on high scores will go away: UGC chairman M Jagadesh Kumar

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Sourav Roy Barman: A single crucial criticism in opposition to the Popular College Entrance Exam (CUET) for central universities is that you are generating board examinations irrelevant in a nation in which so substantially notice is offered to it… You say the CUET attracts from the exact same syllabus. That argument was also available in the case of JEE but we have seen how the coaching industry has mushroomed.
Initially of all, we need to see what is the reason of schooling. Is it to get superior scores of 99 for every cent or is it to come to be a very well-rounded individual and a great learner? For also extended, we have unnecessarily driven our children to realize large scores fairly than persuade them to be fantastic learners. If the university student receives admission in a top college of his or her alternative, what would he/she like to be? The pupil has to go on to be a very good learner. And if you want to be a very good learner in your higher education, you should have been a superior learner even in your school. So, if I neglect my board tests, just for the reason that I have to focus on my entrance assessment, then that is heading to defeat the extremely intent of my full instruction. As mothers and fathers and educators, it is extremely significant for us to emphasise that your major goal is to be great learners, to come to be a nicely-rounded human being. Your target is not scoring substantial percentages. I imagine we want to generate this into the minds of both mother and father and students.

Why would Course XII board examinations turn out to be redundant? The universities will still use these marks as a qualifying mark for admission. For instance, some universities may possibly established this benchmark at 60% of Class XII benefits. Some universities might set 70% as the qualifying mark or to be qualified to implement for admission in a university. So, as soon as you have crossed 65 or 70%, regardless of what be the threshold set by the university, you do not have to be stressed to get 98%. Even if you get 70%, if that is the qualifying mark, then your precise admission will depend on the CUET rating. The Class XII schooling will not turn into redundant.

Will it direct to a big coaching business instruction our pupils for CUET? Search at the IIT, for illustration. The overall IIT process has about 16,000 seats and just about a million college students contend for them. But if you look at the 45 central universities — take, for example, Delhi University by yourself — it has 70,000 seats. And if you appear at all the central universities, there will be a couple of lakhs of seats in the undergraduate programmes. And the very same one particular million pupils are competing for these seats. So, it’s a type of 1:5 as when compared to 1:50 or 1:60 variety of level of competition. Consequently, my perception is that CUET won’t gasoline any coaching market.

Ritika Chopra: How and why was the choice taken to not accord any weightage to the board marks?
The five pillars on which the NEP is crafted are accessibility, fairness, high-quality, affordability and accountability. For us, entry and fairness to high-high-quality education is of most important worth. If you appear at students from rural backgrounds or distant regions, they never have entry to higher-quality general public education. I occur from a village and I know the ecosystem there has a lot of disturbance and the pupils might not be equipped to concentration on their reports. As a result, they may well not get 98 or 99%. But they are really gifted persons. With the introduction of CUET, with no the cut-throat level of competition to get 98-99%, we are offering a amount-participating in ground for college students who arrive from unique economic backgrounds and are geographically distributed across the country.

The other cause is that we have observed non-uniformity in awarding marks for the Course XII throughout boards. For students of some boards, wherever evaluation is genuinely hard, even acquiring 80 for every cent is tricky, whilst in other individuals, it is effortless to get even 95 for each cent. So, this diversity potential customers to a lot of inconvenience to pupils and is not a stage-enjoying floor.

P Vaidyanathan Iyer: A lot of point out boards really do not necessarily comply with the NCERT syllabus. How difficult will it be for them to acquire CUET? Will it direct to an IIT form of program the place students in rural regions, researching for board exams, will now have to get coaching for NCERT?
The NCERT syllabus is extensively acknowledged throughout the nation. We’re aware that there are some variances in between the point out syllabus and the NCERT. Now, I’m confident when our professionals set the query papers, some of these concerns will be taken into account. These tests are not heading to be like the IIT examinations, which are intended to be amongst the toughest in the environment. I’m guaranteed our authorities will average the problems amount. And the issues will be confined to the Class XII NCERT syllabus on your own, not some highly developed variation. So, no matter if you’re coming from a rural or urban track record, it should really not make substantially difference.

Some folks have also reported, young children from rural qualifications are not significantly acquainted with a computer-centered test. I come from a village and I interact with small children there. They are pretty wise. These who are expressing that they can not use computers, do not have the ground reality in the villages. In a pc-primarily based take a look at, all you want to use is the mouse. On the monitor, you opt for from the numerous-decision inquiries, get the job done out the solutions on a piece of paper and pick out applying a mouse. That is heading to be an easy process. The CUET will be done in 13 languages: English and 12 Indian languages. So, if a university student has studied in the neighborhood language or in their mother tongue, they can choose to produce this exam in their mother tongue. NTA (Nationwide Tests Agency) will take particular steps to assure that test centres are available to the students. Our objective is to see that a massive variety of college students, who are not always from the city areas but from rural parts, get the CUET check.

Sourav Roy Barman: The increased schooling sector is also grappling with other main troubles: vacant training posts, swelling enrollment and as well couple great schools and universities. How are you heading to deal with these?
Just one of the solutions advised in the NEP is the introduction of electronic engineering in bigger training. If you keep on to assemble physical campuses, at this fee, we will not be able to fulfill the requires of the hundreds of thousands of students who will be coming into bigger education and learning. So, what the UGC has finished is to concentration on supplying on the net schooling to the students who could not sign up for a bodily university. There are two points that we are performing — 1 is the establishment of a electronic college. We are also amending the recent on-line regulations.

Sourav Roy Barman: What accurately is a digital university? As a scholar, can I use for a electronic college? Will it have a identify? Can I pursue undergraduate or postgraduate degrees from that electronic university?
It’s readily available on the portal. This portal will provide you with data on all sorts of undergraduate programmes that are out there. You will have technological professionals who will source the ideal of the programs that are obtainable from instructional institutes within just the state and also from overseas. The IITs and the ideal central universities, which are heading to provide some of these programs, will be the spokes of this electronic university. The edtech firms will supply the technological support for conducting the on-line assessments for giving the college students information and facts on profession development, vocation growth, and also bringing the employers face to facial area with the college students so that a matchmaking takes place. Our aim is that in the next six to 8 months, we should have a complete image of this electronic university. And our aim is that by the tutorial session of 2023, the electronic college should really be in position to supply the programs.

Aakash Joshi: During the pandemic, there was a huge growth in on the net discovering. But campus everyday living plays a large function, also. Is digital the only way you see that potential remaining dealt with? Or is there likely to be a genuine outdated-fashioned infrastructure expansion as well?
One particular is the social factor. You are stating that if I never go to a actual physical university, I pass up out on meeting my very own friends and creating networking. That is correct.

But picture the other facet. I arrive from a village. At the age of 10, I left my family members to go to a nearby town to dwell absent with my mother and father and research. From there, I went to a city. I stayed away from my moms and dads for very long. Now consider if I didn’t have to go out of my village, and if I could entry this on line education and learning, I would have stayed with my parents. Socially, I would have bonded substantially additional with my very own spot, with my very own people. Therefore, it’s a concern of, from which facet you see, is it half full, or fifty percent vacant?

The other issue is that the concentration will be more on on the net education and learning, to the extent that we will neglect bodily instruction. Be sure to recall that on the net education and learning cannot be presented in all disciplines. In many disciplines, you require a lab, you have to have authentic experiential learning. I’m positive if I do an on line MBBS degree, you will not occur to me, right? So, there are heading to be a good deal of other disciplines for which we require to continue on to acquire the physical infrastructure. But even there, electronic technologies will enjoy a much larger sized function. Actual physical universities will continue to be designed. But there are emerging areas like information science, data analytics, economic management, and fintech. These are regions in which a big range of careers are heading to be produced. And if you never have physical infrastructure to educate our aspirational youth, and if you are simply just waiting for several years for them to be built, what will take place to their foreseeable future? This is the place digital know-how, the digital college will perform a important function.

Vandita Mishra: In the movie, The Kashmir Documents, the action is established in a university which is a thinly veiled caricature of JNU. In the film, it is the place for extremely villainous, anti-nationwide teachers and pupils. You have been the Vice-Chancellor of JNU, and you are also now heading the UGC. Does it get worried you that a leading college should really be demonised like that?
Did everyone from JNU object to this? Did anyone who may well have believed that people people are essentially symbolizing me, object? I have not found any individual objecting to that. So permit us depart it there. You are stating that this film targets JNU, but in JNU itself, people people who are apparently represented in this motion picture have no difficulty with that. Permit people check out it and then make perception of whatever they want to make of it.

Unni Rajen Shanker: A classroom in Delhi College can consider 100 pupils for one subject matter but they are pressured to choose 300, occasionally 350. CUET does not tackle that…
The level of competition for admission in some of the most effective better educational institutions will proceed to be there. Globally, really do not we see people aspiring to get admission into some of the well-regarded universities? But with the introduction of CUET, even if I get, let us say, only 70%, I do not have to consider that it is the close of my lifetime, my profession. I nonetheless have an possibility to try CUET and look at out if I can get admission. So, this whole aim on receiving only high scores will now go away.

Raj Kamal Jha: Looking again to your days as V-C, what was your learning from JNU?
At JNU, we coach our college students to question the status quo, which is really critical. If we can produce that sort of openness in the classroom, and in the instructional institute, students will develop into fearless in inquiring inquiries and it will lead to creativity and innovation. One particular of the unlucky issues in Indian modern society is that we glimpse at failures with repugnance. But what we have to have to emphasise in our classroom is that failing is a normal phenomenon and that each failure can essentially be utilised as a lesson to improve you further.

And this is what transpires in JNU. We do not glance at failures as something lousy. In actuality, as opposed to in quite a few other universities, we have a method known as the zero semester system. If a pupil feels they really do not want to examine the future semester since they have a health and fitness trouble or a thing else, in any other college, probably, he will be out of the program.

But in JNU, we have created a facility for the college students to take off and arrive again to examine. In JNU, the education is very reasonably priced the tuition charge in JNU is just `300 per annum and this has enabled a good deal of college students from economically weaker sections to research at JNU. By the time they move out of JNU, they are a totally transformed bunch. Only the type of ecosystem that JNU has can develop this transformation.

Ritika Chopra: During your time as JNU V-C, one of the fiercest pupil protests was in excess of the actuality that you were being striving to elevate hostel charges. Pupils felt you ended up attempting to change the incredibly character of JNU. How would you react to that?
I imagine there was some misunderstanding. It was not elevating the hostel costs, it was about paying out the institution costs these as energy and drinking water rates. So, you only shell out for what you eat. There was an raising electricity invoice burden on the college. But obtaining said that, we also gave significant concessions to the learners from lower-financial backgrounds. By charging only evenly to the reserved-group students and weaker sections, and by charging the basic college students who are in any case finding scholarship, our calculation was that we could offset some of the expenditure and use that devote for improving upon our lab amenities, our exploration amenities. But in the end, we withdrew people and then ongoing with whatever the existing expenses had been.

Sukrita Baruah: You have launched FYUP (4-calendar year undergraduate programme)…Is there nearly anything in the works about supplying supplemental assets to institutes to be in a position to accommodate all these college students?
Infrastructure will continue on to be a problem and we are unable to produce it overnight. Can we also glance at the possibility of optimum utilisation of our present methods? I consider efficiently utilizing our existing infrastructure also requires to be appeared into, when we consistently test to broaden the infrastructure. Growth and introduction of new programmes will stretch the existing capabilities of the universities. But which is how we want to go forward. You just cannot hold out right up until all the structures come up and begin only then, that will be way too late.

Harikishan Sharma: The unemployment level throughout the towns in the place is about 23% for the youth, in the age group of 18 to 29 several years. Does this pose a challenge to you, how do you variable this in your options?
If you talk to specialists, what are the major troubles that human societies are struggling with currently, they will identify three. One is escalating inequality. The other is the failing financial programs. And the third a single is deteriorating ecosystem. So, the rise in unemployment, possibly, is a fallout of the failing economic programs. And escalating inequality is one more key issue. So, as an educator, my obstacle will be how to allow my college students to purchase appropriate skills, so that they match the needs of the occupation sector, which is developing.

Shashank Bhargava: You said CUET will be established in a way that the issues degree is moderate. But is there a stress this will also lead to large slice-offs centered on those people CUET scores?
This is a many-selection-issue-centered check and it will also have destructive marking. There will be a specific weightage for appropriate marks and sure weightage for completely wrong solutions and so on. Thus, we expect that there will be plenty of granularity in order to distinguish students…these are all troubles we internally discuss and will introduce steps to defeat any issues that may possibly pop up.

Sourav Roy Barman: What was your most complicated time at JNU and your largest accomplishment?
My problem was to make absolutely sure that the research amenities are expanded in the university. When I joined, there was no R&D mobile in the university, we proven one particular. Several men and women do not understand the relevance of integrating social sciences with mainstream science and know-how schooling. Our College of Engineering is distinctive in the entire country, the place our engineering learners also have the opportunity to do a master’s diploma in social sciences, languages, humanities, and in other locations.

I will usually stand by all the students and academics. They have every appropriate to protest. Nonetheless, you may perhaps have a correct to protest but some others have a appropriate to have out their educational programmes and exploration. As very long as you do not disturb them, do not do nearly anything unlawful, it is flawlessly all appropriate for you to go on with your protest.



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